• Maria Hnaraki


Cretan music, rhyming couplets, Homeric epics, oral heroic poetry, place-based education


Cretan songs suggest Cretans have to protect their land because their ancestors also fought for it. Performing them is a social activity that provides a means through which places become “ours”. In order to show that, we examine “The Daskaloyannis song”, an oral heroic poem consisting of 1,034 rhyming couplets, with detailed references to toponyms and sites that map out the Cretan arena as an integral part of local memory, identity and morality. The study re-visits the Homeric epics and the formulaic theory as Cretan bards mediate tradition, refine cultural stereotypes, cultivate notions of home and idealize a heroic past.


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How to Cite

Hnaraki, M. (2011). FROM HOMERIC POETRY TO CRETAN BALLADRY: THE DASKALOYANNIS SONG. Papers in Ethnology and Anthropology, 18(7), 123–132. Retrieved from



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